Hemorrhoids indicate presence of swollen blood vessels in the anus and rectum region. It is commonly referred as piles. Swollen veins may occur due to constipation, excessive pressure on rectum region or due to pregnancy. Hemorrhoids are extremely painful which in severe cases, can lead to blood in your stool or protrusion of blood vessels in the anus region.
There are a large number of treatment options available which depend upon the type of hemorrhoid you suffer from and its severity. Certain treatment options provide relief from troubling symptoms while others work on its root cause.
Constipation is one of the most common causes of piles; therefore, by preventing constipation you can reduce its chance of occurrence. Constipation can be avoided by simple dietary and lifestyle changes. Doctors recommend eating a high-fiber diet such as diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and nuts. This helps in making your stool soft and easier to pass through. It also reduces strain on your anus region during a bowel movement.
Home Remedies for Hemorrhoids
You can try some simple home remedies which may reduce hemorrhoid symptoms and provide comfort. Some common natural remedies include:
Doctors advice a sitz bath at least two to three times in a day for about 15 to 20 minutes. You should sit in warm water covering your hips and buttocks. This method helps in reducing anal itching and irritation. After a sitz bath, remember to gently pat dry the affected region.
Apply Ice Pack
Ices packs are affective in relieving swelling and pain in your anus and rectum region. It also provides relief from anal itching.
Do not Apply Pressure
You should not apply excessive pressure or strain on your rectum muscles while passing stool. Excessive pressure harms the blood vessels and leads to severe pain and can cause bleeding hemorrhoids.
Maintain Proper Hygiene
You should always clean your anus after each bowel movement by gently patting the affected region. You can even try moistened pads or wipes to remove moisture from your rectum. Avoid using some hard, dry toilet paper, which contains fragrance as it can damage the skin and cause irritation.
You can try sitting on soft cushions to reduce pressure on your hemorrhoids and can even decrease their chance of occurrence.
Doctors prescribe certain over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and aspirin to reduce pain and swelling in the affected region.
Medical Treatment for Hemorrhoids
If you experience severe hemorrhoid symptoms or symptoms which are not cured by home remedies, then your doctor may recommend certain medical procedures. Some common medical interventions are as follows:
Rubber Band Ligation
Rubber band ligation is used to treat first, second, and third grade internal hemorrhoids. This technique involves placement of a small rubber band around the base of your hemorrhoid to stop blood flow to it. It can be performed during an anoscopy examination, which provides a better visualization of your hemorrhoids. Rubber band ligation is one of the most common treatment methods in the United States.
During a sclerotherapy, the doctor injects a chemical substance into your hemorrhoid, to form a scar tissue so that it shrinks in size. This blocks the blood flow to your hemorrhoid, resulting in its drying and detachment from the skin. It is a painless procedure, but is not an effective method as compared to rubber band ligation. Sclerotherapy is usually recommended for patients consuming blood thinning agents.
Infrared coagulation involves use of an intense beam of infrared light to shrink the size of your hemorrhoid. The light heat leads to the formation of a scar tissue, which inhibits the blood flow to your swollen tissue. This technique is quick and painless and involves fewer complications, but it requires several sessions to work completely.